Platelet Rich Plasma for cosmetics
The PRP face-lift (very similar to the “Vampire Facelift®") involves withdrawing your own blood, extracting out the platelet-rich portion, then re-injecting this into your skin with tiny (nearly painless) needles with a microneedling device (e.g. Dermapen). This is the most natural way to erase wrinkles, reduce scarring from sun damage or acne, and reverse hyperpigmentation. This is your own blood so there is no risk for allergic reaction or rejection.
Platelets and growth factors from your own blood stimulate a stem cell response, and thus, growth of new young collagen and blood vessels where it is injected. The new collagen and blood vessels create a more youthful appearance.
The use of autologous (your own) platelet rich plasma (taken from your blood) for tissue repair started in the 1990’s. By 2006 it was being used across many fields of medicine for healing and even began to be covered by insurances. That’s because it is known to be rich in fibrin and many different important growth factors that stimulate stem cells to grow and tissues to regenerate rapidly. Now it is used to regenerate skin, joints, and hair. It is now even used with impressive results to reverse sexual dysfunction in men and women.
Therefore, PRP is being injected for cosmetic purposes. Studies[i] [ii] and clinical experience are confirming its effectiveness for acne and other scar revision, skin rejuvenation, dermal augmentation, and striae distensae (stretch marks).
The cost of PRP is somewhat similar to dermal filler treatment, yet is completely natural and heals skin, whereas filler can only fill in crevices, plump lips, or make face shape changes. The effects of PRP to the face lasts from 12 months to 2 years depending on your age and initial skin health.
Here are more details of how PRP "face-lifts" work.
Platelets and growth factors from your own blood stimulate a stem cell response, which turn into new connective tissue (skin) cells. They also stimulate collagen and blood vessels, cause repair of damaged skin, and to help slow skin aging.[iii] Because it comes from your own blood, there is no risk for allergic reaction or rejection. Six ml (in 1 vial) of your blood is drawn and spun down by a centrifuge for approximately 6 minutes to retrieve the platelet rich and fibrin rich portion of the blood plasma. This is then re-injected into the tissue being treated.
- Skin rejuvenation: for reducing fine lines and wrinkles such as crow’s feet and tear troughs (dark circles under eyelids)
- Tightening skin and dermal augmentation for mild collagen and volume loss
- Scar revision, including acne scars and rosacea
- Stretch marks
- Lip and frown lines
- Deep depressions around the nose and mouth
- Volume loss in the cheeks
- Sagging around the jaw line
- Dehydrated skin
Within a few weeks after just one treatment you can expect to see improvement in skin hydration, texture and tone. Although it is a gradual improvement over 3 to 5 weeks, there will be new collagen and blood vessels growing. After 3 to 6 months there will be full effect of its correction of fine lines, wrinkles, and volume depletion. You can expect to see a longer-lasting effect than dermal fillers. It is used for larger areas of skin rather than small isolated defects seen with dermal fillers. PRP can be combined with dermal fillers and botulinum toxin for optimal overall cosmetic results.
[i] Leo MS, Kumar AS, Kirit R, Konathan R, Sivamani. RK. Systematic review of the use of platelet-rich plasma in aesthetic dermatology. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2015 Dec;14(4):315-23. PubMed PMID: 26205133. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26205133
[ii] Redaelli A, Romano D, Marcianó A. Face and neck revitalization with platelet-rich plasma (PRP): clinical outcome in a series of 23 consecutively treated patients. J Drugs Dermatol. 2010;9:466–472. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20480789
[iii] Kim DH, Je YJ, Kim CD, et al. Can Platelet-rich Plasma Be Used for Skin Rejuvenation? Evaluation of Effects of Platelet-rich Plasma on Human Dermal Fibroblast. Annals of Dermatology. 2011;23(4):424-431. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC32299.
Either in combination with PRP or as a stand-alone procedure, injecting serums with a microneedling technique reduces scarring, minimizes pores, improves wrinkles and fine lines, lightens hyperpigmentation, and builds collagen. There are examples on the web of before and after PRP treatments on the face here